The Libertad Building began its construction in 1954. It was conceived as a residential building, although it was located in a neuralgic center of tourism and commercial activity in the city of Viña del Mar. The building is located on 3 Norte Street with Libertad Avenue. It is a low-rise building made up of four floors, housing 19 units, which makes it to be considered a low-density project. It is a complex made up of two buildings that are located longitudinally in the rectangular property, according to the geometric macro-forms typical of architectural modernism.
The orientation of the structure facilitates the formation of an interior courtyard intended for parking. The building has a front garden facing 3 Norte Street, contributing to the development of the garden city.
Héctor Valdes Phillips
Fernando Castillo Velasco
Carlos García Huidobro
G. Dominguez V.
The Libertad building relates to its surroundings through its extensive gardens. Its low altitude allows it to coexist with the Carrasco Palace and the Bicentenario School, providing a residential space in an area that has been moving rapidly towards a more commercial focus. This is a building with modern features that has been able to maintain the essence of the city. A permanent dialogue between the garden city and the resort city. Its status as a corner building makes it a point of reference on this busy avenue.
The aesthetic proposal allows it to highlight its large front gardens. In the same way, its sober aesthetic gets involved with the bluish mosaic and the white vertical background. As for the mosaic, this is not only expressed in different shades and colors, it also incorporates the design of modules that are repeated until they form panels of different dimensions. This provides dynamism and aesthetic value to the cladding work, both outside and inside.
Inside, the building maintains greater austerity than what is shown on the outside. Its internal spaces are partially illuminated, reclaiming the use of steel, bronze and granite as typical elements of the modern architecture of that period. The stairs are presented in one direction, however, in the west segment they get greater ventilation and light due to a “ventilation eye”. In the east body, on the other hand, the single-flight staircase has no ventilation eye and, therefore, it has less lighting.
The building presents a careful formal architectural design, but at the same time it exhibits a careful design in different elements, finishing touches and coatings that give authenticity value to the work. In the exterior, the use of stone and shell can be seen in its facing, while the sill has a fulget lining. It’s visible that many of the linings have been replaced with contemporary materials.